Management of Knee Osteoarthritis Through Ayurveda: A Case Study

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Viraj Shukla, Divya Baikar


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease. The disease occurs in elderly people, mostly in major joints of the lower limb; frequently bilaterally. The knee joint is involved more often in the population with Asian living habits which have the habit of squatting and sitting cross-legged. In Ayurveda, the disease Sandhivataresembles osteoarthritis is described under vatavyadhi. NSAIDS are the drug of choice. In Ayurveda, Leech therapy is extensively used in various conditions specifically where there is predominance of pain and swelling either in acute or chronic conditions. In this regard, the role of Jalaukavacharanisjustified by its virtue of the reduction of pain, stiffness, and swelling in patients with osteoarthritis. Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that affects one or more joints leading to pain, swelling, tenderness, and stiffness of the affected joints. As mentioned in Ayurveda, osteoarthritis is a condition caused majorly due to Vatadosha along with the involvement of Pitta and Kaphadoshas.

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